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Key IRA Impacts of the 2020 CARES Act

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CARES Act | 2020

On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus, Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act was signed into law and as a result, there are some key impacts to Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) in 2020. 

Below is a summary of the most notable Individual Retirement Account (IRA) changes:

Penalty Free Distributions from IRAs and Certain Retirement Plans

Coronavirus-related distributions 

  • Up to $100,000 
  • Taken on/after 1/1/2020 and before 12/31/2020 
  • Exempt from the 10% additional tax for early or pre-59 ½ distribution under Internal Revenue Code 72(t) 
  • Not subject to the 20% withholding requirements for qualified retirement plans 

This applies to an individual who: 

  • Is diagnosed or whose spouse or dependent is diagnosed with the virus SARS­CoV-2 or coronavirus disease (COVID-19) by a test approved by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 
  • Experiences adverse financial consequences due to one or more of the following factors: 
    • Being quarantined 
    • Furloughed 
    • Laid off 
    • Having work hours reduced 
    • Unable to work due to lack of child care due to SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19 
    • Closing or reduced hours of a business owned or operated by the individual due to COVID-19 
    • Other factors as determined by the Treasury Secretary 

Additional Provisions: 

  • Option to spread the taxable income over a three-year period 
  • Repay any or all of the distribution to a retirement account over the next three years. 
  • Repayments not subject to retirement plan or IRA contribution limits. 

Temporary Waiver of Required Minimum Distribution (RMDs) Rules (Section 2203) for Defined Contribution Plans, including 401(k), 403(b), 457, as well as IRAs

  • RMDs are waived for calendar year 2020 for the following:
    • IRA owners and plan participants who turned 70½ prior to 2019 and during 2019
    • 2019 RMDs not taken in 2019 with a required beginning date of April 1, 2020 are waived
    • 2020 RMDs due by 12/31/2020 are waived
  • Beneficiaries of Inherited IRAs and retirement plans
    • The 5 year rule is extended by one year
  • IRA owners that turn 70 ½ in 2020 are unaffected by this change. Their RMD will begin at age 72
  • An RMD that has already been taken in 2020 AND meets the following conditions, may be rolled back into the IRA:
    1. Distribution was taken less than 60 days ago
    2. No IRA-to-IRA 60 day rollover contribution completed in the last 365 days
      • There may be additional relief for any distribution taken that does not meet these requirements.

IRS Notice 2020-18

On March 20, the Treasury Department moved the tax filing deadline from April 15th to July 15th.

  • The deadline for 2019 Traditional IRA, Roth IRA, and Education Savings Account (ESA) contributions is now July 15, 2020


Stay up to date

At our firm, we know that the CARES Act may leave you with questions. We welcome the opportunity to work with you and your legal and tax professionals to determine how these changes impact your retirement and estate planning goals.

This material is provided for informational purposes only. It is based on tax information and legislation as of March 2020. Investors need to make their own decisions based on their specific investment objectives, financial circumstances, and tolerance for risk. Our firm is not a tax or legal advisor. Investors need to consult with their own tax and legal advisors before taking any action that may have tax or legal consequences.

Our firm does not provide tax or legal advice. Be sure to consult with your own tax and legal advisors before taking any action that may have tax or legal consequences. Account(s) carried by First Clearing. First Clearing is a trade name used by Wells Fargo Clearing Services, LLC, Member SIPC. © 2020 Wells Fargo Clearing Services, LLC. 0320

INVESTMENT AND INSURANCE PRODUCTS ARE:
NOT INSURED BY THE FDIC OR ANY FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AGENCY
NOT A DEPOSIT OR OTHER OBLIGATION OF, OR GUARANTEED BY, THE BANK OR ANY BANK AFFILIATE
SUBJECT TO INVESTMENT RISKS, INCLUDING POSSIBLE LOSS OF THE PRINCIPAL AMOUNT INVESTED


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